Wednesday, March 30, 2016

As well as နဲ႔ ၀ါက်ဆက္နည္း ျပန္ေႏႊးၾကမလား

Win Naing Oo to အဂၤလိပ္စာစိတ္၀င္စားသူမ်ား

(1) As well as ဟာ not only..but also နဲ႔ ဆင္တူတဲ႔ အဓိပၸါယ္ရွိပါတယ္
As well as has a similar meaning to 'not only ... but also’
.
(1.1) She’s got a goat, as well as five cats and three dogs.
သူ႔မွာ ဆိတ္တစ္ေကာင္ ရွိရုံသာမက ေၾကာင္းငါးေကာင္နဲ႔ ေခြးသုံးေကာင္လည္းပဲ ရွိပါတယ္
.
(1.2) He’s clever as well as nice. smile emoticon He’s not only nice, but also clever.)
သူက ေတာ္လည္းေတာ္ပါတယ္ သေဘာလည္းေကာင္းပါတယ္


.
(1.3) She works in television as well as writing children’s books.
သူမဟာ ရုပ္ျမင္သံၾကားလုပ္ငန္းမွာ အလုပ္လုပ္သလိုပဲ ကေလးေတြဖတ္ဖို႔ စာအုပ္ေတြလည္း ေရးပါတယ္
.................................................
(2) ဖတ္သူ(သို႔) နားေထာင္သူ သိျပီးသား အခ်က္အလက္ေတြ ရွိတဲ႔ဖက္မွာ as well as ကို ထားရပါတယ္
When some information is already known to the listener/reader, we put this
with as well as.
.
(2.1)As well as birds, some mammals can fly.(not Birds can fly, as well as some
mammals.)
ငွက္ေတြကဲ႔သို႔ အခ်ိဳ႕ေသာ နို္႔တိုက္သတၱ၀ါမ်ားဟာလည္း ပ်ံသန္းနိုင္ၾကပါတယ္
(ငွက္ေတြပ်ံနိုင္တာက သိျပီးသားမို႔ as well as နဲ႔တြဲထားပါတယ္)
.
(2.2) They speak French in parts of Italy as well as France. ( not ..They speak
French in France as well as parts of Italy.)
ျပင္သစ္မွာလိုပဲ အီတလီရဲ႕ အစိတ္အပိုင္းေနရာမ်ားမွာ ျပင္သစ္စကားကို ေျပာၾကပါတယ္
(ျပင္သစ္နိုင္ငံမွာ ျပင္သစ္စကားေျပာတာ သိျပီးသားေပါ႔ ၊ ဒါေၾကာင္႔ as well as နဲ႔ France နဲ႔တြဲထားပါတယ္)
..................................
(3) As well as ေနာက္က verb ကို -ing ေပါင္းျပီး မၾကာခဏ သုံးေလ႔ရွိပါတယ္
When we put a verb after as well as, we most often use the -ing form.
.
(3.1) Smoking is dangerous, as well as MAKING you smell bad. (not ... as well as it makes you smell bad.)
ေဆးလိပ္ေသာက္ျခင္းဟာ အႏ ၱရာယ္ရွိရုံမွ်သာမကပဲ သင္႔ကို အနံ႔ဆိုးလည္း ျဖစ္ေပၚေစပါတယ္
.
(3.2) As well as BREAKING his leg, he hurt his arm. (not ... as well as he broke his
leg, ...)
သူ႔ေျခေထာက္ကို ခ်ိဳးရုံမွ်သာမက သူ႔ရဲ႕လက္ကိုလည္းပဲ အနာတရ ျဖစ္ေစအာင္ လုပ္ပါတယ္
................................
(4) ပင္မ ၀ါက်ပိုင္းမွာ infinitive (to + V1) ရွိလွ်င္ က်န္၀ါက်ပိုင္းမွာ to မပါေတာ႔လွ်င္လည္း ရနိုင္ပါတယ္
After an infinitive in the main clause, an infinitive without to is possible.
..
(4.1) I have to feed the animals as well as look after the children.
က်ေနာ္က တိရစာၦန္ေတြကို အစာေကြ်းရသလိုပဲ ကေလးေတြကိုလည္း ျပဳစုေစာင္႔ေရွာက္ရပါတယ္
.......................................
(5) as well as ဆက္တဲ႔ပုံစံဟာ as + adj/adv + as ပုံစံနဲ႔ အဓိပၸါယ္ကြာျခားပုံကို သတိျပဳမွတ္သားပါ (Note the difference between: )
.
(5.1) She sings as well as playing the piano. smile emoticon She not only plays, but also sings.)
သူမဟာ စႏၵယားတီးရုံတြင္မကဘဲ သီခ်င္းလည္းဆိုပါတယ္
.
(5.2) She sings as well as she plays the piano. smile emoticon Her singing is as good as her playing.)
သူမက စႏၵယားတီးေကာင္းသလိုပဲ သီခ်င္းဆိုလည္းေကာင္းပါတယ္
.....................................
ရွင္းလင္းခ်က္မ်ား နမူနာ၀ါက်မ်ားအားလုံး Oxford Practical English Usage စာအုပ္မွ ယူပါတယ္.. ျမန္မာ စာလုံးမ်ားကိုသာ က်ေနာ္ေရးသားထားျဖင္းျဖစ္ပါတယ္ ခင္ဗ်ာ
...
ေ၀ါဟာရမ်ား
.
French (n) ျပင္သစ္ဘာသာစကား
France (n) ျပင္သစ္နိုင္ငံ
part (n) နယ္ ၊ အရပ္ ။ အပိုင္း
....
ေမတၱာျဖင္႔

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