Wednesday, May 11, 2016

Due to သုံးဖို႔

Win Naing Oo to အဂၤလိပ္စာစိတ္၀င္စားသူမ်ား

Due to က because of နဲ႔ ဆင္တူပါတယ္ ၊ အေၾကာင္းျပခ်က္ေပးဖို႔သုံးပါတယ္ ၊ due to ကို စကားစု (phrase) မ်ား .. တစ္လုံးတည္းေသာစကား( single word) မ်ားနဲ႔ အတူသုံးစြဲနိုင္ေသာ္လည္း ပုဒ္စု (clause) မ်ားနဲ႔ အတူ မသုံးနိုင္ပါဘူး
"Due to" is very similar to "because of." It gives a reason for why something is true. You can use "due to" with phrases and single words, but you can't use "due to" with a clause.

.........................................................................
(1) Exp: DUE TO a broken wing, this bird can't fly.
က်ိဳးေသာအေတာင္ပံတစ္ဖက္ ေၾကာင္႔ ဒီငွက္ မပ်ံသန္းနိုင္ပါ
(This sentence begins with "due to" and is followed by a noun and a comma. It explains why the bird can't fly.)
ငွက္ဟာ ဘာေၾကာင္႔ မပ်ံနိုင္သလဲဆိုတာကို အေၾကာင္းျပခ်က္ေပးျပီး ရွင္းျပပါတယ္ ..
.............................................................
(2) Exp: This woman lost her job DUE TO the weak U.S. economy.
အေမရိကန္ စီးပြားေရး အားနည္းမွဳေၾကာင္႔ ဒီအမ်ိဳးသမီးဟာ အလုပ္ျပဳတ္ခဲ႔ပါတယ္
(Social problems are often explained with the use of "due to”. >> လူမွဳေရးျပႆနာေတြကို due to သုံးျပီး မၾကာခဏ ရွင္းျပပါတယ္ )
...............................................................
(3) Exp: Nausea and vomiting may occur due to overeating.
အစားလြန္ျခင္းေၾကာင္႔ မအီမသာျဖစ္ျခင္းနဲ႔ ေအာ႔အံျခင္းေတြ ျဖစ္နိုင္ပါတယ္
(You may use gerunds after "due to." The word "overeating" in this example is a gerund. Gerunds are similar to nouns and end in "ing."
… due to ေနာက္မွာ V-ing လည္း လာနိုင္တယ္)
.....................................
(4) DUE TO rapid global warming, many polar bears are unable to adapt to a new environment and now they are starving to death.
အလ်င္အျမန္ ကမာၻလုံးဆိုင္ရာ ပူေႏြးမွဳေၾကာင္႔ မ်ားစြာေသာ ပိုလာ၀က္၀ံမ်ားဟာ ပတ္၀န္းက်င္အသစ္နဲ႔ ေနသားက်မက်နိုင္ ျဖစ္ေနပါတယ္ ျပီးေတာ႔ သူတို႔ဟာ ေသလုေမ်ာပါး ဆာေလာင္ငတ္မြတ္ေနၾကပါတယ္ ။
..........................
(5) Their marriage ended (due) in large part (to) a lack of communication.
သူတို႔ရဲ႕ လက္ထပ္မွဳဟာ အဓိက အပိုင္းျဖစ္တဲ႔ (တစ္ဦးနဲ႔တစ္ဦး) ဆက္သြယ္ေျပာဆိုမွဳေလ်ာ႔နည္းတဲ႔အတြက္ ေၾကာင္႔ ျပီးဆုံးခဲ႔ပါတယ္
(Notice that "due to" is sometimes separable. Due နဲ႔ to ဟာ ခြဲဖို႔လိုလ်င္ ခြဲနိုင္ပါတယ္ )
………………
ေမတၱာျဖင္႔

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